Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) and Their Relevance in Oral Health
This review briefly summarizes the available evidence about the effects of e-cigs on periodontal health including several pathophysiological events, such as oxidative stress, DNA damage, inflammation, cellular senescence, dysregulated repair, and periodontal diseases.
None to date.
Gozde Isik Andrikopoulos, Konstantinos Farsalinos, and Konstantinos Poulas
Isik Andrikopoulos G, Farsalinos K, Poulas K. Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) and Their Relevance in Oral Health. Toxics. 2019;7(4):61. Published 2019 Dec 6. doi:10.3390/toxics7040061